Graphic design is becoming more and less gender-based as technology continues to change and the need for graphic design jobs grows.
The study, commissioned by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), a research and advocacy group, found that graphic design continues to be a male-dominated field.
The report, which examines the history of female graphic designers and the future of graphic design, was published this week by ACM.
The new research found that women were now designing graphic design for a broad range of clients including the public, schools, healthcare facilities and government agencies.
There are now more female graphic design artists than male graphic designers in the United States, the report found.
Women also now dominate the design teams for a variety of organizations, including those working on the military, the military police and the military.
But it’s not all good news.
The most recent report by the American Society of Graphic Architects (ASGA) found that in 2015, only 1.6 percent of the world’s graphic design graduates were women.
“Women are entering the field, but we don’t see them taking the same jobs that men do,” said ASGA President Julie A. Schmitt.
“And we don�t see them being as influential as men are.
So there is a need for some more women and girls to step into the field.”
A new report by ACMI found that the female graphic designer workforce is growing at a faster pace than that of the male graphic designer population, but that the gap in representation between women and men remains small.
“While women are entering more careers than men, it is still not equal,” said Jessica B. Kress, ACM�s senior vice president for research and development.
“We�ve got a long way to go.”
There are three main ways in which the numbers of women in graphic design are changing.
First, more women are participating in design-related research, such as designing the new NASA image, which has become a major component of the agency’s mission.
Second, there is more representation of women on boards, and the growing number of women and gender non-conforming people in industry are contributing to the advancement of graphic designers.
And third, female designers are increasingly becoming partners in design and technology companies.
The growing number and diversity of women working in graphic designers has led to a need to create more female-focused training, and there is evidence that training is already occurring.
ACMI recently launched a new training program, “Design for Designers,” to provide more female designers with access to design-based training in areas such as web design, illustration, digital media, graphics, design and UX.
A second ACM report, “How to get a job in graphic technology: Diversity and inclusion in the industry,” found that nearly 40 percent of U.S. employers believe that female candidates are overrepresented in the workforce in their design roles.
More than half of the companies surveyed said they had experienced discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity, religion, disability or sexual orientation in their hiring decisions.
While there is some progress being made in reducing gender bias in the work force, the gender wage gap remains high.
The U.K. Bureau of Statistics reported that in 2014, women earned 78 cents on the dollar compared to men, and only 7 percent of women are in STEM fields.
ACM says that even with more women working and more women being hired in the field than ever before, there still remains a large number of gaps.
The number of female-dominated graphic design firms is increasing at a rate of 10.6% annually, while the number of male-dominant firms is declining by 1.9%.
ACM also found that about 5 percent of graphic designer jobs are reserved for men.
While women are now entering the profession at a higher rate than men in graphic designing, the number still remains very low.
In the year 2020, there were 4,049 women and 1,908 men working in the design industry.
That is down from 3,957 women and 3,857 men in 2020.
ACME estimates that women earn about 77 cents on a dollar for every dollar earned by men, but still still remain about 30 cents below men in wages.
Female-dominated companies also still pay less than their male-owned counterparts.
About 80 percent of Fortune 500 companies reported female-led companies and 50 percent of those companies were female-owned.
Companies that were female dominated also had a median employee wage of $60,972.
But the study found that only 5.4 percent of female companies in 2020 had a salary above $70,000.
Female companies were also more likely to be owned by people of color.
There were 7.4% of female owners, compared to 5.7% of male owners.
The ACM study found the biggest gap between the salaries paid to female and male graphic design workers was the wage gap between male and female employees.